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What exactly is Cosmetic Medicine?

Cosmetic Medicine is the field of Medicine focusing on the aesthetic improvement of a person’s external appearance, including the correction of congenital or acquired marks or characteristics. The methods used can be categorised as invasive and non-invasive. Invasive methods include plastic surgery and dermatosurgery, while non-invasive methods include mainly treatments with LASERs, which are used for various applications, even in cases that plastic surgery was not able to give satisfactory results in the past.


How do Lasers works?

Through the use of LASERs it is possible to achieve selective photothermolysis, which allows the selective destruction of the target-lesion(s) without affecting the normal tissue. The importance of this development is that the old style LASERs, although they did not cause any general side effects on the human body, were unable to cause selective destruction of target lesion(s), but rather a more general destruction of the area where the lesions were located, with consequent possibility for the development of local side effects, such as scars, atrophy, etc.

With the use of advanced dermatology LASERs it is possible to leave the surrounding skin and normal tissues intact, avoiding both general and local side effects. Moreover, the recent improvement of active skin cooling mechanisms, allows the full protection of the skin and it further minimises local discomfort during Laser application.


What are the applications of Lasers?

Despite the fact that Laser application in dermatology concerned mainly the treatment of haemangiomas in the past, as technology progresses they are also used for the treatment of other congenital and acquired skin lesions. Laser provide excellent results in the removal of age spots, haemangiomas, facial spider veins and spider veins of the lower limbs, tattoos, as well as hair removal.


Advanced Dermatological Lasers

Until recently, in Greece only old style dermatological lasers existed. Their role and effectiveness is characterised by controversial aspects. Both positive and negative experiences were utilised, and during the last decade advanced dermatological LASERs  have been developed in the US and Western Europe.

These Lasers in combination with specialised medical knowledge and experience constitute the most effective treatment solution for haemangiomas, tattoos, scars and other skin conditions. Advanced dermatological Lasers emit pulsed monochromatic light, not radioactive radiation. Through the use of advanced dermatological Lasers selective photothermolysis of the target-tissue is achieved, while leaving intact the surrounding healthy tissue.

IQ DERMATOLOGY CARE is the name of two centres for LASER Dermatology in Athens and Maroussi. Dermatologist Dr Christopher Tzermias is the Scientific Director, who is specialised in Laser Invasive Dermatology – former physician of Oxford University.
IQ DERMATOLOGY CARE are two innovative centers of Greece with equipment comparable to dermatology clinics of other countries that can offer the following services:

  • Applications with the most advanced dermatological Lasers, made in the US, ensuring excellent safety and high efficiency without scarring or other side effects at all ages and all areas of the skin.
  • Bloodless and, in the vast majority of cases, well tolerated therapy with or without local anesthesia and with no need for hospitalisation.



It is possible to achieve effective treatment of smooth skin haemangiomas without scarring thanks to the high efficacy and excellent safety offered by the advanced dermatological Lasers. The use of advanced dermatological Lasers for the effective removal of haemangiomas is recommended for all ages (even for babies at the age of two weeks) in all skin areas (even around the eyes) and during all seasons of the year.



Regardless of the area that spider veins may present, on the face or on the legs, they can now be treated effectively through the use of dermatological Lasers. Treatment is well tolerated and virtually painless, while it is possible to achieve selective elimination of all spider veins leaving intact the neighboring healthy skin.



Facial spider veins appear twice as frequently among women as compared to men. They are actually superficial skin vessels, with a larger than normal diameter, and they become visible as red or blue lines. Until recently, effective treatment was not possible, regardless of the area on the face they appeared. Specialised medical knowledge combined with revolutionary LASER technology can now provide a solution, and today it is possible to achieve perfect result in 100% of cases with facial spider veins.



All types of pigmented lesions (congenital spots, congenital nevi, sunspots, age spots, freckles) can be effectively eliminated through the use of advanced dermatological Lasers, making oldest therapeutic methods, such as mechanical abrasion, diathermocoagulation and cryosurgery obsolete.



There are certain skin areas, on which melanocytes proliferate, creating dark spots subdermally. Age spots, despite their name, may appear at a younger age and they should not be confused with melasma. Sunspots appear as spots on the arms, torso and face, i.e. in the areas of our body that are mostly exposed to the sun. Although they are usually benign, careful diagnosis is necessary, following which Laser treatment can be applied. Age spots and sunspots can be treated following 2-3 visits and treatment sessions should be conducted by a specialised doctor.



Until recently, tattoo removal was conducted mechanically or through the use of electrothermy or with old style Lasers. However, these methods create scars. Through the use of advanced dermatological Lasers it is possible to achieve complete clearance of tattoos of all colors with excellent safety and with no risk of scarring, atrophies or other marks.



Through the use of advanced ultra-pulse Lasers it is possible to achieve face and skin regeneration, through the sublimation and smoothing of the lesions and the simultaneous reduction and regeneration of collagen-containing tissues, resulting in the stretching and regeneration of locally loose skin. Depending on the depth of the wrinkles ultra-pulse regeneration Lasers can be applied individually or in combination with new biotech implants and plastic surgery applications. In addition to this, the use of non-ablative Laser systems allows the smoothing of wrinkles with repetitive applications at regular time intervals without need to stay home.

Ultra-pulse Lasers for regeneration are both effective and safe and can be used to treat a wide range of lesions including the following:

  • Acne or chickenpox scars
  • Scars due to injury or surgery
  • Rinofyma
  • Xanthelasma
  • Sebaceous adenomas
  • Neurofibromas
  • Syringomas


Both time and continuous sun exposure gradually reduce the elastin and collagen contents of the skin, which maintain skin elasticity. As a result, wrinkles develop. Although plastic surgery can provide a solution to this porblem, there are many people who do not want to go through surgery.

The use of modern Lasers allows the restoration of wrinkles. The selective action of Lasers stimulates fibroblasts (biostimulation) which in turn generate collagen and elastin, thereby achieving reduction of the number of wrinkles, as well as smoother appearance. At the same time, the removal of the outer layer of the skin allows the elimination of dead cells, as well as other deeper lesions, through the gradual peeling of the skin. Therefore, the body produces new softer skin.  For the treatment of wrinkles both invasive or non-invasive Lasers are used, depending on the magnitude of the problem in each case. Non-invasive Lasers can be applied at younger ages, even proactively to slow down ageing process.

Trust our medical team to make the signs of time disappear and renew your tired and aged face skin. The method that is exclusively applied is called F.D.R. (Face-Dermo-Rejuvenation), and it is conducted through the use of special new-technology Lasers that lead to biostimulation and bioregeneration of the skin, while they support the organism to produce collagen and elastin, achieving the smoothing of wrinkles. At the same time it is possible to remove old and aged skin, which may be blurred and may have various cosmetic imperfections, giving you a fresh, new and radiant appearance.

Νon-ablative Lasers are also used for the management of wrinkles. This method is called Lunch-Time Treatment, as each wrinkle smoothing sessions lasts only a few minutes and the person can return to his/her daily activities immediately after the session.

New Laser devices act subdermally, activating fibroblasts and increasing the existing collagen by 84%. The process is completely painless and it leaves no scars, so you don’t have to take days off work or avoid daily activities, something that was necessary with the older Laser devices, such as ERBIUM and CO2. Thus it is possible to achieve reduction of the wrinkles’ depth by 69% with no scars at all.
Lunch – Time Treatment method is applied in the US and it was approved by the FDA in September of 2000.



Advanced dermatological Lasers act selectively and have active cooling mechanisms so that to protect the skin and ensure maximum effectiveness. Laser hair removal is the only hair removal method that has been approved by the FDA. It is applied without causing pain, safely, easily and fast both in smaller facial areas and in larger body areas.

Unwanted hair growth is an issue that concerns many women, especially in the northern European countries, as their hair problem is usually more intense. This is mainly due to inheritance and also due to the greater incidence of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Laser hair removal initiated a new era for the treatment of unwanted hair and it was greeted with enthusiasm by all women, as it is painless, fast and gives you a definitive solution to the problem of hair.

The safe beam of light of advanced Long Pulse Alexandrite Laser (755 nm) is absorbed selectively by those areas with significant accumulation of melanin, i.e. hair follicle’s melanin. At the same time, the active cooling mechanisms protect the skin, leaving it intact even in darker skin types.


How can Lasers be used for the treatment of so different problems?

Selective photothermolysis of each specific target (vessels, melanosomes, etc.) is conducted through the use of the ideal combination of 4 parameters, depending on the applied treatment: wavelength of light, pulse duration, energy density and diameter of the light beam.

Therefore, for each category of skin lesions on which advanced Lasers can be applied (vascular, pigmented, hair follicles, wrinkles, scars, etc.) it is essential to use different type(s) of Laser(s), which may be used individually or in combination, depending on the size of vessels, the depth of pigmented lesions and spots, the colour of the tattoo, the necessary depth for wrinkle or scars’ smoothing, and so on.

It is also important to note that advanced dermatological Lasers are not miraculous and despite the large number of beneficial features characterising them, they also have certain boundaries, that can be overcome through the combined use of complementary methods.

Thus, we should be aware that “there is no single Laser for all cases”, something that should be mentioned by the doctor, as well as the fact that “depending on each case it is essential to use different types of Lasers, individually or in combination, together with the use of complementary methods when appropriate”. This is the philosophy of individualised and complete treatment.


Is it true that men are more and more interested in Laser applications?

Apart from hair transplantation, which mainly concerns men, in recent years there is increased interest from men for other services, such as facial rejuvenation, body regeneration and hair removal, since modern societies requires that each and every one of us has perfect appearance.

About the author:

Christofer Tzermias

Specialised in the UK (Oxford & London) and in North America (New York & San Diego) in the field of LASER Dermatology, Dr Tzermias, has been providing dermatological state-of-the-art treatments using cutting-edge LASER and Energy based Devices for over 20 years. He has been Director of Interventional and LASER Dermatology Department at the Athens Medical Center for over 18 years and for the last 9 years is the Scientific Director of IQ - Intensive Quality Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery Clinics, which at the 2017 Healthcare Awards won the ‘Innovation Award for Innovative Services’ for their pioneering contributions. Since 2018, IQ Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery Clinics has also been operating in London, UK and in Muscat, Oman. Dr Tzermias is a Fellow of the world-renowned American Society for LASER Medicine and Surgery (ASLMS), a Founder Member of the European Society LASER Dermatology (ESLD), the Vice President of the ‘Open Health Alliance’ and he is also on the Board of Directors of Elitour - Greek Medical Tourism Council.

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