A study reveals the most reliable cutaneous markers of polycystic ovary syndrome
The best cutaneous markers of polycystic ovary syndrome are hirsutism and acanthosis nigricans, as well as acne, according to a recent retrospective cross-sectional study, which was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The aim of the study was to determine the cutaneous and systemic characteristics of the polycystic ovary syndrome that help in distinguishing between women that meet and women that do not meet the diagnostic criteria. To date the correlations between cutaneous markers, systemic abnormalities, and fulfilment of diagnostic criteria in women with suspicion of polycystic ovary symptom (PCOS) is not perfectly understood.
In this retrospective study the data of a sample of 401 women from many different countries with a mean age of 28 years were assessed. The majority of those women (68.8%) met Roterdam criteria (2003) for PCOS.
Among the women that met the criteria for PCOS, the percentages for both hirsutism and acanthosis nigricans were higher, while higher percentages were also observed for acne.
The researchers conclude that the best cutaneous markers of polycystic ovary syndrome are hirsutism and acanthosis nigricans, as well as acne, while for an accurate diagnosis a complete dermatological examination is necessary.