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Spots are usually benign skin lesions, but proper diagnosis by a specialised dermatologist is necessary to determine the type of lesion, based on which the most suitable treatment method can be selected.

spots on children

Definition of Spots

These are areas of the skin in which melanin production from melanocytes is increased. They should not be confused with freckles and, despite their name, they should be differentiated from age spots and sun spots – they may occur at a younger age. They are due to hereditary predisposition, and due to chronic sun exposure without protection. Over time usually an increase of their size and number is observed and sun makes them worst. Sun and age spots usually occur on the face, hands, bodice and back.


Spots are usually benign skin lesions, but proper diagnosis by a specialised dermatologist is necessary so that to decide on most suitable treatment method depending on the type of lesion.

Firstly careful diagnosis is completed, so that to be sure that LASER treatment is the best procedure to achieve excellent results.


Today the use of dermatological Q-Switched Lasers provides great results with maximum safety. Contrary to “classic” methods of cryosurgery, electrocoagulation, abrasion and old-style lasers that cannot achieve the selective elimination of the target-lesion(s), the advanced technology of Q-Switched LASERS, allows selective targeting and removal of the spots, without affecting the surrounding healthy skin.

Three types of advanced Lasers are used in combination (Q-Switched Alexandrite 755nm, Q-Switched KTP 2nd Harmοnics 532nm, and Q-Switched Nd: YAG 1064nm), so that when selecting – depending on each case – a different wavelength, according to the type and depth of lesion, to achieve the best possible results, irrespectively of the type, extent and area the spot is located.


The safe light beam of Q-Switched Lasers is emitted on each occasion for infinitely small time (nanoseconds), and it is absorbed solely by the melanocytes, leaving the adjacent healthy tissue intact. Thus treatment is effective and safe, without scars or other side effects. This is how cafe au lait spots and freckles are treated.

About the author:

Christofer Tzermias

Specialised in the UK (Oxford & London) and in North America (New York & San Diego) in the field of LASER Dermatology, Dr Tzermias, has been providing dermatological state-of-the-art treatments using cutting-edge LASER and Energy based Devices for over 20 years. He has been Director of Interventional and LASER Dermatology Department at the Athens Medical Center for over 18 years and for the last 9 years is the Scientific Director of IQ - Intensive Quality Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery Clinics, which at the 2017 Healthcare Awards won the ‘Innovation Award for Innovative Services’ for their pioneering contributions. Since 2018, IQ Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery Clinics has also been operating in London, UK and in Muscat, Oman. Dr Tzermias is a Fellow of the world-renowned American Society for LASER Medicine and Surgery (ASLMS), a Founder Member of the European Society LASER Dermatology (ESLD), the Vice President of the ‘Open Health Alliance’ and he is also on the Board of Directors of Elitour - Greek Medical Tourism Council.

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