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ALOPECIA IN CHILDREN

alopecia in children

Categories of alopecia in children

Find below the categories of alopecia in children:

Localised  

CONGENITAL

  • Sebaceous nevus: This is a nevus of the sebaceous glands, on which no hair grows.
  • Congenital aplasia of the skin: It is a localised absence of skin that occurs as ulcer or scar. No hair grows in that area.

ACQUIRED

  1. Alopecia Areata : This is an autoimmune disease
  2. Trichotillomania: The patients cause it on their own
  3. Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp

Diffuse

ACQUIRED

  • Iron deficiency
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Malnutrition (proteins – calories)
  • Rapid Weight Loss
  • Medications

Causes of cicatricial alopecia in children

  1. Developmental disorder and hereditary conditions (skin aplasia, epidermal nevi, porokeratosis of Mibelli, ichthyosis, Darier disease, etc.
  2. Defects due to natural causes: mechanical traumas, burns, x-ray dermatitis.
  3. Microbial infections: tinea/ringworm infections, bacterial infections (lupus vulgaris, leprosy, tertiary syphilis, furuncle, carbuncle, folliculitis, acne necrotising), leishmaniasis, viral infections (herpes zoster, chickenpox, smallpox).
  4. Neoplasias: basal cell carcinoma, cicatricial (scarring) basal cell carcinoma, metastatic carcinomas.
  5. Various other dermatoses/skin diseases of unknown aetiology: lichen planus, lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, lipoid necrobiosis, sarcoidosis, benign mucous membrane pemphigoid, and follicular mucinosis.

 

About the author:

Christofer Tzermias

Specialised in the UK (Oxford & London) and in North America (New York & San Diego) in the field of LASER Dermatology, Dr Tzermias, has been providing dermatological state-of-the-art treatments using cutting-edge LASER and Energy based Devices for over 20 years. He has been Director of Interventional and LASER Dermatology Department at the Athens Medical Center for over 18 years and for the last 9 years is the Scientific Director of IQ - Intensive Quality Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery Clinics, which at the 2017 Healthcare Awards won the ‘Innovation Award for Innovative Services’ for their pioneering contributions. Since 2018, IQ Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery Clinics has also been operating in London, UK and in Muscat, Oman. Dr Tzermias is a Fellow of the world-renowned American Society for LASER Medicine and Surgery (ASLMS), a Founder Member of the European Society LASER Dermatology (ESLD), the Vice President of the ‘Open Health Alliance’ and he is also on the Board of Directors of Elitour - Greek Medical Tourism Council.

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