Spots are usually benign skin lesions, but proper diagnosis by a specialised dermatologist is necessary to determine the type of lesion, based on which the most suitable treatment method can be selected.

Παιδικες Κηλιδες

Definition of Spots

These are areas of the skin in which melanin production from melanocytes is increased. They should not be confused with freckles and, despite their name, they should be differentiated from age spots and sun spots – they may occur at a younger age. They are due to hereditary predisposition, and due to chronic sun exposure without protection. Over time usually an increase of their size and number is observed and sun makes them worst. Sun and age spots usually occur on the face, hands, bodice and back.


Spots are usually benign skin lesions, but proper diagnosis by a specialised dermatologist is necessary so that to decide on most suitable treatment method depending on the type of lesion.

Firstly careful diagnosis is completed, so that to be sure that LASER treatment is the best procedure to achieve excellent results.


Today the use of dermatological Q-Switched Lasers provides great results with maximum safety. Contrary to “classic” methods of cryosurgery, electrocoagulation, abrasion and old-style lasers that cannot achieve the selective elimination of the target-lesion(s), the advanced technology of Q-Switched LASERS, allows selective targeting and removal of the spots, without affecting the surrounding healthy skin.

Three types of advanced Lasers are used in combination (Q-Switched Alexandrite 755nm, Q-Switched KTP 2nd Harmοnics 532nm, and Q-Switched Nd: YAG 1064nm), so that when selecting – depending on each case – a different wavelength, according to the type and depth of lesion, to achieve the best possible results, irrespectively of the type, extent and area the spot is located.


The safe light beam of Q-Switched Lasers is emitted on each occasion for infinitely small time (nanoseconds), and it is absorbed solely by the melanocytes, leaving the adjacent healthy tissue intact. Thus treatment is effective and safe, without scars or other side effects. This is how cafe au lait spots and freckles are treated.

About the author:

Christofer Tzermias

A top specialist in LASER and Invasive Dermatology in England (Oxford/London) and North America (New York/San Diego) and a leading pioneer in the implementation of sophisticated LASER in Greece, Dr Christofer Tzermias is also the founder of the first and most well-equipped inpatient departments of LASER Dermatology in the Athens Medical Center, Marousi, the St. Lucas Clinic of Panorama of Thessaloniki and the Balkan Clinic in Thessaloniki. He was the Director of Invasive and LASER Dermatology at the Athens Medical Center for 18 years, from 1996 to 2014 and is a writer and editor of numerous papers and publications for international and Greek scientific journals, as well as, international foreign language books. Dr Tzermias regularly participates in international and Greek conferences, as well as, giving speeches and lectures at university clinics in Greece and abroad. He accepts appointments at his state-of-the-art clinics on Vas. Sophia 49 - Athens, and 71 Kifissias Avenue in Marousi.

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